Free Trade Agreements | Maroc Export

AGREEMENT AREA FREE ARAB TRADE

Facilitation Convention and inter-Arab Development of Commercial Exchanges

 

Date of signature

25/06/1981

Contracting Parties:

Algeria

Saudi Arabia

Bahrain

Egypt

United Arab Emirates

Iraq

Jordan

Kuwait

Lebanon

Libya

Morocco

Palestine

Qatar

Sudan

Oman

Syria

Tunisia

Yemen

Scope

All products from Arab countries

treatment agreement

Franchise imports of rights

Duration of agreement

-

Date of entry into force

-

observations

Nature of the agreement

Application of the Convention of 02/19/97 Program (Arab free trade zone)

Scope

treatment agreement

Tariff dismantling over 10 years at 10% per year

Duration of agreement

Date of entry into force

01/01/1998

observations

text of the Agreement

circular

www.douane.gov.ma

Visit the following link: http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/PaysArabes/ZLEA-1.pdf

ARAB STATES - AGADIR AGREEMENT

The Declaration of Agadir was signed between Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia and Jordan on 8 May 2001. The Agadir Agreement was signed in Rabat on 25 February 2004 and entered into force on 27 March 2007.

"The Agadir Agreement ', which is an initiative of His Majesty King Mohammed VI represents a contribution to the efforts for the establishment of a common Arab market and allows signatory countries to prepare for the 2010 deadlines for the creation of the Free Trade Area Euro-Mediterranean trade.

 

Objectives of the agreement

- Introduction, from the entry into force of the Agreement, a free trade area between Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan and Morocco.

- Revitalization of trade, development of the industrial base, promoting economic activity and employment, improving productivity and living standards in member countries.

- Coordination of global and sectoral economic policies of member countries, particularly in the areas of trade, agriculture, industry, finance, taxation, and customs.

- Harmonisation of the laws of member states in economic matters.

 

Arrangements for trade liberalization

- On the entry into force of the Agreement: total and immediate exemption for all products originating in those countries except those excluded for reasons of health, safety and environment.

- Rules of Origin: The adoption of rules of origin in accordance with the Pan Euro-Mediterranean Protocol in order to benefit from diagonal cumulation.

- The commitment by the member countries of the area for the elimination of all non-tariff measures will contribute significantly to the development of their trade

 A report that the European community provides strong support for the Agadir initiative program funding of € 8 million, two steps outside the MEDA program, to provide technical assistance to countries signatories of the Agreement ( implementation of the technical unit, study achievements, events organizations, seminars, forums ...)

 

The organs under the Agreement

The Committee of Foreign Ministers which defines the political procedures for enlargement of the Agadir process.

The Committee of Ministers of Foreign Trade monitors the implementation of the agreement and defines the means of strengthening cooperation among member countries.

The Technical Committee from the Ministers of Foreign Trade Committee, he is responsible for monitoring the implementation of the agreement, assistance in litigation and performing other functions as are attributed to it by the Committee of Ministers of Foreign Trade.

The Technical Unit: its permanent headquarters in Amman. It monitors the implementation of the agreement and the decisions of the Committee of Ministers of Foreign Affairs and the Committee of Ministers of Foreign Trade and issues advisory opinions about different issues related to this agreement.

 

Unit has been operational since April 8, 2007.

 

Adherence

Every Arab country, member of the League of Arab States with an association agreement and a free trade agreement with the European Union may accede to this area, with the agreement of all member countries.

 Two sectoral studies were conducted in the areas of automotive and textiles and clothing, and two studies are in progress in the fields of transport (maritime) and leather and footwear.

It is within the framework of this agreement, which Morocco has begun exporting the Logan cars to Egypt. Steps are underway to export to Tunisia.

 It should be noted that Morocco has a trade deficit of around 2.7 billion dirhams with Egypt and 1.2 billion dirhams with Tunisia. The trade balance with Jordan a surplus for our country of about 181 million dirhams. Thus the coverage rate does not exceed 26% with the countries of the Quad.

 

Read more:

http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/AccordAgadir.asp

BILATERAL FREE TRADE WITH ARAB COUNTRIES: UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

Legal and Regulatory Base

- Date of signature: 25/06/2001

- Application date: 09/07/2003

 Scope of application

All products originating from the territory of each country except:

- The list of products excluded from preferential benefit for reasons of health, morality, security

- Products manufactured in free trade areas

- The agricultural products affected by the preference clause mentioned under

- Title II, paragraph 2.3 (b) of Circular No. 4977/222 of 30/12/2005 as amended.

 

Preferential treatment

Tariff elimination for all products except those mentioned above.

 

Diagram dismantling

Dismantling of the import duty and equivalent charges at the rate of 10% per annum in addition, compared with the rate applied in the framework of the Arab League. (Total exemption of DI and TEE effective 1 January 2005)

VAT remains due (VAT Plate does not include amounts not levied under DI and TEE).

 

Conditions for granting preferences

- Product native Character:

- The whole obtaining or sufficient processing based on product-specific rules.

- Some products are subject to a valuation rule of at least 40%.

- Accumulated materials.

 

Documentary evidence of the originating status of the product:

- Certificate of origin:

- Certificate of origin conforming to the model agreed between the two parties.

 

http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/PaysArabes/Accord_Emirats-Arabes-Unis.pdf

http://www.diplomatie.ma/politique%C3%A9trang%C3%A8re/mondearabe/relationsbilaterales/tabid/173/vw/1/itemid/271/language/en-us/default.aspx

BILATERAL FREE TRADE WITH ARAB COUNTRIES: EGYPT

Nature of the agreement: the Free Trade Agreement 27/05/1998

Fields of application: Creation of a free trade area over a period of 12 years.

Duration of the agreement: Unlimited

Date of entry into force: 29/04/1999

 

Observations: 03/02/1999

Treatment agreed:

Total exemption from import duties for the products listed Egyptian 1 and List 2 Moroccan.

- Gradual dismantling over a period of 5 years in accordance with Egyptian paintings (3) and Morocco (4) to reach the end of the 5th year:

- 0% for products whose import duties are lower than 25%.

- 25% for products whose import duties are higher than 25%.

- Dismantling of 7 years from the sixth year of the entry into force of the Agreement for the 25% interest rates remaining imports.

- The list of products (5) and Egyptian (6) Morocco are excluded from dismantling.

- Trade in agricultural products will be examined later.

 

Read more:

http://www.diplomatie.ma/politique%C3%A9trang%C3%A8re/mondearabe/relationsbilaterales/tabid/173/vw/1/itemid/257/language/en-us/default.aspx

http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/Egypte.asp

AGREEMENTS EU-MOROCCO ASSOCIATION

Nature of the agreement: Association Agreement

Signature Date of the Agreement: 26 February 1996

Entry into force: 1 March 2000

 

Scope: All sectors of economic activity.

Objectives of the Agreement:

On trade, the agreement aims to:

- Establish an industrial free trade area "FTA"

- Further liberalization of trade in agriculture and fisheries,

- Liberalize trade in services and establishment,

- To strengthen trade integration through the implementation of the Pan-Euro-Med Protocol on Rules of Origin.

 

1. Establish an industrial free trade area "FTA"

For industrial products: Moroccan exports benefit from access to EU markets duty since the entry into force of the agreement, while the EU origin products access to the Moroccan market as shown below:

- Free access to capital goods and some spare parts from 1 March 2000.

- Free access to raw materials and inputs not produced locally since March 2003.

- Phasing out tariffs (DD) for products manufactured in Morocco, at 10% per year from the fourth year of the entry into force of the Agreement: the 9th installment of reduction took place on 1 in March 2011, which corresponds to the reduction deo 90% of applied tariffs.

- Phasing out of DD for certain motor vehicles since March 2003 at 3% per year for 4 years and 15% per year from the 8th year of the entry into force of the Agreement until the complete elimination of Rights: since 1 March 2011, these products access to the Moroccan market with a discount of 87% of the rights.

 

2. Deepen the liberalization of trade in agriculture and fisheries

For agricultural products: L'Association Agreement provided for (Articles 16 and 18) progressive liberalization of agricultural trade between the two parties;

A new agreement on the liberalization of agricultural, agro-industrial and fishery products was signed on 13 December 2010.

 

3. Liberalising trade in services and establishment

the liberalization of trade in services and the right of establishment provided for by Article 31 of the Association Agreement which stipulates

 "1. The Parties agree to widen the scope of this Agreement to include the right of establishment of companies of one Party in the territory of the other Party and the liberalization of services provided by companies one party towards service recipients in another part. "

 

Bilateral negotiations between Morocco and the EU based on the principle of a progressive and reciprocal liberalization of trade in services and the right of establishment, began in February 2008.

 

These negotiations have been incorporated into the Agreement negotiated Free Trade Complete and Thorough between Morocco and the European Union.

 

4. strengthen trade integration through the implementation of the Pan-Euro-Med Protocol on Rules of Origin

To benefit from the preferential benefits under the Morocco-EU agreement in commercial terms, Moroccan exports are required to satisfy the criteria of origin, in accordance with the Pan-Euro-Med Protocol on rules of origin, in force since January 1, 2006.

 

This protocol is applied by the EU, the countries of the European Free Trade Association (Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein), the Faeroe Islands, Turkey, Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Syria and Tunisia. This system was also extended to the Western Balkans.

 

Regional Convention on preferential rules of origin Pan-Euro-Mediterranean will replace the current network of protocols concluded by the EU with each trading partner has been signed by Morocco in April 2012.

 

This Convention is currently under review by the Contracting Parties since its initial version was a simple compilation of different protocols on rules of origin.

 

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

- Agreement establishing a dispute settlement mechanism

An Agreement establishing a dispute settlement mechanism between Morocco and the EU was signed in December 2010, during the 9th session of the Association.

 

The Agreement will govern all types of commercial disputes and provides for the exhaustion of the dispute resolution procedures set out in the Association Agreement, before resorting to bilateral mechanism which provides, first, a conciliation procedure before go to arbitration.

This Agreement entered into force in January 2014.

 

Free Trade Agreement Complete and Thorough between Morocco and the European Union

The negotiations of this Agreement were officially launched on 1 March 2013. 4 Rounds of negotiations: unfolded so far:

- 22 to 25 April 2013 in Rabat

- 24 to 27 June 2013 in Brussels

- 20 to 24 January 2014 in Rabat

- 7 to 11 April 2014 in Brussels

 

11 working groups have been established covering the various themes of the Agreement;

 

 

Joint document on Advanced Status:

 

- Http://www.finances.gov.ma/docs/2007/depf/9881_maroc_ueversionfinalenovembre2007.pdf

 

Useful Links:

http://www.diplomatie.ma/default.aspx

BILATERAL FREE TRADE WITH ARAB COUNTRIES: JORDAN

Legal and Regulatory Base

- Date of signature: 16/06/1998

- Application date: 21/10/1999

Scope of application

And products originating from the two countries listed on a common list or those subject to tariff dismantling.

 

Products not benefiting from the preferential scheme:

- Products listed on the negative list;

- Products in Chapters 1 to 24 of the Harmonized System (except those on the fully exempt list);

- Products manufactured in free zones located in the two countries and exported directly to the other Party or imported from another country;

 

Preferential treatment

Exemption of DI and TEE for products on a common list upon entry into force of the Agreement, as well as products whose combined DI and TEE rates are below 25%. For other products: following the dismantling scheme below:

 

Diagram dismantling

Products whose combined DI and TEE rates vary between 0 and 25%: annual benefit of a progressive dismantling to reach a rate of 0% after 5 years.

- Products whose combined DI and TEE rates exceed 25% receive:

 * Progressive dismantling to reach an annual rate of 25% after 5 years;

 * Dismantling of 7 years from the 6th year of the entry into force of the Convention for 25% of DD rates and remaining TEE.

- Existence of negative lists

 * VAT remains due (VAT base includes uncollected amounts for DI and TEE)

 

Conditions for granting preferences

Product originating status:

- The whole obtaining or sufficient processing constituted by a local recovery of at least 40% of the ex-works price of the product;

- Accumulation of materials between the parties.

 

Documentary evidence of the originating status of the product:

Certificate of origin:

- On import: Certificates of Origin issued by the Chamber of Commerce or Industry and authenticated by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry of Jordan.

- For export: Certificate of Origin issued yellow and stamped by the Customs and Indirect Taxes (ADII).

 

Read more:

http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/PaysArabes/Accord_Jordanie.pdf

BILATERAL FREE TRADE WITH ARAB COUNTRIES: TUNISIA

Legal and Regulatory Base

- Date of signature: 16/03/1999

- Application date: 16/03/1999

Scope of application

And products originating from the territory of both countries on the lists:

- T1, MT, T2, T3: Moroccan products exported to Tunisia.

- M1, MT, M2: Tunisian products imported into Morocco;

 

Preferential treatment

- Listings T 1 and M1: freely tradable products with exemption of DI and TEE.

- VAT remains due (VAT base does not include amounts not levied under DI and TEE).

- MT List: Products freely exchangeable with payment of a single tax of 17.5%, the amount of this tax is taken into account in the basis for calculating VAT.

- Listings M2, T2, T3: tariff dismantling of 10 years of established patterns.

- Existence of a negative list.

 

Conditions for granting preferences

Product originating status:

- The whole obtaining or sufficient processing constituted by a local recovery of at least 40% of the ex-works price of the product;

- Accumulation of materials between the parties.

 

Documentary evidence of the originating status of the product:

Certificate of origin:

- On import: certificate of origin issued by the Chambers of Commerce and Industry and endorsed by the Administration of Tunisian Customs.

- For export: The original certificate used is green, covered and granted by the ADII

 

Read more:

http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/PaysArabes/Accord_Tunisie.pdf

FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS MOROCCO-USA

Nature of the Agreement: Free Trade Agreement

Signature Date of the Agreement: 15/06/2004

Entry into force: 01/01/2006

Scope: All sectors of economic activity

Contents of the Agreement:

In trade of goods, the Agreement provides:

- For agricultural products:

gradual opening with maximum ceilings and transitional periods and dismantling schemes up to 25 years.

In return: a free and immediate access to fresh or canned Moroccan products and agro-industrial products with or without quota.

 

- For industrial products:

Against a free and immediate access to almost all Moroccan industrial products and fisheries products (98%), the Agreement provides for exemption of customs duties for the entry into force of the Agreement for 58% US tariff. The rest will be dismantled over a period of 9 years.

 

- For textile products: three symmetrical lists:

- A list exempt from the entry into force of the Agreement

- A list of 43 items exempt in the limits of a quota (+ 25% over 5 years);

- The rest of the products will be dismantled symmetrically over 6 years.

Note that a declining quota of 30 million m² for a number of textile products benefiting from duty-free immediately upon entry into force for a period of 10 years.

 

In trade in services, Morocco has taken reserves for guaranteeing certain sectors including:

- Safeguarding existing monopolies (Chérifien Phosphates Office, the Office National d'Electricité, the National Office of Drinking Water, National Office of Railways, the Office of Development and Exploitation Ports, Postal Services);

- The limitation of market access for certain sensitive sectors such as mining services, audio-visual, maritime and road transport and distribution;

- The granting of priority to national for certain professions such as legal, accounting, architectural, medical, education and tourism;

- In parallel, Morocco has made general reservations on certain sensitive sectors enabling it to exercise its regulatory power, including social services (Health and Public Education, Insurance and foresight), culture and communications.

- As regards access to the US market, supply is generally liberal, the list of reservations is limited and concerns including atomic energy, mining, transport, telecommunications, social services and business minorities.

 

Rules of origin:

The benefit of the preferential treatment under the Free Trade Agreement Morocco-USA is subject to compliance with rules of origin:

 

1. A general rule of origin for industrial products excluding textiles;

Whether a product originates:

- Meets the definition: "a new and different article of commerce" = The product is substantially transformed.

- A valuation of 35%.

 

2. specific rules of origin for textiles.

General principle: the triple transformation:

- Son: "from the fiber" requires that the fiber is originally from the area;

- Fabrics "yarn forward" requires that the wire is originating;

- Clothing "from the wire" wire must originate.

 

3. specific rules of origin for agricultural products

 

Duration: Unlimited

 

More: http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/USA.asp

BILATERAL AGREEMENTS AND REGIONAL PREFERENTIAL TARIFF

In order to improve market access conditions, a set of agreements and preferential trade agreements has been established with trading partners.

Negotiations are underway to establish such new trade agreements with Canada, the European Union (DCFTA: Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement) and the Economic and Monetary Union and the West African region.

In addition to the trade agreements, a generalized system of preference (GSP) allows to receive products from developing countries non-reciprocal preferential treatment (for example, zero or reduced import duties) by developed countries.

The tariff agreements with Morocco: Algeria / Guinea / Libya / Mauritania / Saudi Arabia / Senegal / Chad.

Check the link http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/Accord_pays.asp

Commercial Moroccan-Algerian Agreement and Tariff

http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/Algerie.asp

 

Commercial Agreement and Moroccan-Guinean Tariff

http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/RepGuinie.asp

 

Commercial Agreement and Moroccan-Chadian Tariff

http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/Tchad.asp

 

Commercial Agreement and Tariff Moroccan-Libyan

http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/Libye.asp

 

Tariff and Trade Agreement between the Kingdom of Morocco and the Islamic Republic of Mauritania

http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/Mauritanie.asp

 

Moroccan-Senegalese trade agreement

http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/Senegale.asp

 

Moroccan-Saudi General Convention

http://www.mce.gov.ma/AccordsCommerciaux/ArabieSaoudite.asp